Employee Orientation - Johnson Space Center
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From the early Gemini, Apollo and Skylab projects to today's International Space Station and Space Shuttle Programs, JSC continues to lead NASA's efforts in human space exploration.

JSC serves as the lead NASA center for the International Space Station -- a U.S.-led collaborative effort of 16 nations, and the largest, most powerful, complex human facility to ever operate in space. Orbiting 240 miles above the Earth, this working laboratory will serve as a stepping-stone to other planets -- teaching us the essentials of long-term living in space.

The Center's famed Mission Control Center, or MCC, has been the operational hub of every American human space mission since Gemini IV. The MCC manages all activity onboard the space station and directs all space shuttle missions, including station assembly flights and Hubble Space Telescope servicing.

JSC is also home to the NASA astronaut corps, and is responsible for training space explorers from the United States and our space station partner nations. As such, it is the principal training site for both space shuttle crews and International Space Station Expedition crews.

JSC leads NASA's flight-related scientific and medical research efforts and strives to make revolutionary discoveries and advances to benefit all humankind. Technologies developed originally for space flight have already found a wide range of applications in medicine, energy, transportation, agriculture, communications and electronics.

JSC's team of dedicated professionals manages the development, testing, production and delivery of all U.S. human spacecraft, and all human spacecraft-related functions including: life support systems; power systems; crew equipment; electrical power generation and distribution; guidance, navigation and control; cooling systems; structures; flight software; robotics; and spacesuits and spacewalking equipment.

IMAGE: JSC's Building 1 IMAGE: Russian cosmonauts learn about ISS hardware from a JSC employee IMAGE: Apollo Mission Control IMAGE: Space Shuttle Atlantis in orbit
JSC was established in 1961 as the Manned Spacecraft Center. The Center was renamed in 1973 in honor of the late President Lyndon B. Johnson. The first U.S. astronauts were selected in 1959. Since then, 295 U.S. astronauts and more than 50 explorers from other nations have been trained at JSC. The Apollo Mission Control room at JSC is a registered historical landmark. The space shuttle has flown more than 385 million miles since first launched in 1981.

Reaching out to the World

JSC nurtures ties with leaders in business, community and education, both locally and around the world, to make available the knowledge and advances achieved through space exploration research.

In Business
Visionary business executives are invited to view and utilize emerging NASA technologies, expertise and processes to develop commercial products and improve the quality of life here on Earth. A heart-assist device, scratch-resistant eyeglass lenses, thermal clothing, cordless tools, smoke detectors -- all were born as a result of NASA technologies developed for space, then later put to use on Earth.

In the Community
JSC participates in community-sponsored activities throughout Texas and in several other states. Space Center Houston, the official visitor center of the Johnson Space Center, shares the thrill and wonder of space exploration with visitors from around the corner and around the world. Here, adults and kids alike experience firsthand NASA's history, amazing discoveries and exciting future plans.

Through Education
JSC strives to capture and channel students' interest in science, mathematics, engineering and technology. The Center extends its reach to students of all levels, throughout the nation, with a vast array of hands-on educational experiences, including reduced-gravity flight studies and virtual instruction through distance learning technology.

IMAGE: A student enjoys hands-on learning at a JSC exhibit
Each year, more than 100,000 students and 10,000 educators participate in JSC's educational programs, including activities at the Center, schools and universities, and through distance learning programs.


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